Friday, January 2, 2015

Thomas & Mary (Couzins) Mott


http://brighousemottfamilyarchives.blogspot.com.au

Thomas Mott born 29 September 1757 in Witham, Essex, England and died in Portsmouth, England.
Thomas married Mary Couzins born 1761 in England.

Thomas and Mary Mott had 10 children:
 1. Thomas Mott born 1782 and died 1782.
 2. Mary Jane Mott born 1783 Portsmouth, Hampshire, England.
 3. Elizabeth Mott born 9 February 1785 Portsmouth, Hampshire, England.
 4. Samuel Mott born 1787 and died 1787.
 5. Thomas Mott born 1789 Portsea, Hampshire and died April 1860 Portsea, Hampshire, England.          Thomas married Maria Hibberd born 1796 in Alverstoke, Hampshire and died July 1872 in Portsea       Island, Hampshire.
  6. Samuel Mott born 1790 in Portsmouth and died 6 May 1873 in Belfast, Victoria, Australia.
Samuel married Jane Mew born 1795 in Kingswood, Hampshire and died 1866 in Victoria, Australia.
  7. Sarah Mott born 1795 in Bursledon, Hampshire and died 22 November 1878 in St.George Square, Portsea, Hampshire. Sarah married Philip Finch born 1794 Dartmouth, Devon and died 30 April 1862 in 16 St Georges Square, Portsea, England.
  8. Edward Richard Mott born 12 November 1797 at St Mary's, Portsea, Hampshire and died 9 March 1878 in Southsea, Hampshire. Edward married Louisa born 1801 in Portsea, Hampshire and died October 1871 in Hampshire, England.
  9. John Mott born 1800.
10. William Henry Mott born 1803 and died 1867.  William married Harriett Roberts born 1816 in Boston, Lincolnshire and died 1873 Greenich, London.

To continue the line of Motts to the Brighouses you need to follow Samuel & Jane (Mew) Mott, which is the next blog. I will however enlarge on the families of Edward Richard & Louisa Mott and William Henry & Harriett (Roberts) Mott.

Edward Richard & Louisa (?) Mott


Together they had 4 children:
1. Georgianna Mott born 26 October 1826 St Johns Portsea, Hampshire and died 30 April 1910 at Southsea, Hampshire, England. Georgianna married Henry Fisher Jackson born 1822 Clerkenwell, London and died April 1881 in Hampshire.
2. Andrew Luther Mott born 9 November 1828 in Portsea and died 4 September 1904 ar Rowlands-villa, Rowlands Castle, Hants. Andrew married Mary Ann Morrant born January 1839 in Burlesdon, Hampshire and died 19 December 1924 in Havant, Hampshire, England.
3. John Augustus Mott born 12 December 1831 in Hampshire.
4. Thomas Lye Mott born 3 March 1833 and died October 1838 in Hampshire.


 Andrew Luther & Mary Ann (Morrant) Mott


Andrew Luther Mott inherited Napoleon's two pistols that were surrended to his Uncle - First Lieutenant Andrew Mott in July 1815. Napoleon's pistols were handed down the Mott family to John Wesley Mott (1891-1979), a worthy family member as Lieutenant John Wesley Mott was awarded the Military Cross and Distinguished Conduct Medal for services in WW1. The widow of John Mott took them to Canberra where they were sold.  Where are they today?


Napoleon surrended to First Lieutenant Andrew Mott July 1815.


Andrew Luther Mott inherited Napoleon's 2 pistols that were surrended to his Uncle - First Lieutenant Andrew Mott in July 1815. The pistols were on display at the Chelsea Royal Navy Exhibition in 1891.

 

This article was in "The Brisbane Courier" on Saturday 27 August 1927

Napoleon's Pistols in BrisbaneBy Spencer BROWNE.

Napoleon's Abdication and Flight.  
After Waterloo, after the furious days "when Wellington smashed Bonaparte," Napoleon returned to Paris, hoping to reorganise his shattered forces, to form a new army and fight on. He found, however, a war weary Paris, and a hostile Chamber of Deputies, and sent a delegation, in response to an imperious call, to represent the causes of the loss of the battle of Waterloo, and his proposals for public safety, and for treating with the combined Powers for peace. The Ministers, with Prince Lucien at their head, suggested a committee of five members from each Chamber to discuss the proposals of the Emperor, but they found the Deputies arrogantly hostile, and obviously bent upon an abdication. M. Henry Lacoste said: "The veil is torn aside - our misfortunes are known. You talk to us of peace; but what new basis will you give to your negotiations.
You know as well as we that Europe has declared war against Napoleon alone. Will you hence forth separate the nation from Napoleon? For my part, I declare I see but one man between us and peace. Let him speak and the country will be saved." The Deputies granted the Emperor an hour's grace to declare himself. The Emperor's friends, including Prince Lucien and Prince Joseph, urged that the time for other action had passed, and urged submission, and Napoleon, with an ironical smile, said to the Duke of Orleans: "Write to those gentlemen to make themselves easy; they shall soon be satisfied." and one of the historians tells us: "He then wrote his abdication." But Napoleon insisted that he had only abdicated in favour of his son. The return of Grouchy to France with his army intact, and the rally of the wrecks from the forces of Waterloo, saw the formation of a force of some 50,000 or 60,000 men, and they showed that they still could sting, the Prussians being badly cut up on one occasion; but the French vainly sought an armistice. Blucher would have no armistice, and the so-called treachery of Fouche, of the Prince of Echmuhl, and others, and the practical investment of Paris by the Allies, broke the French spirit or bent it to the Allied will. From the headquarters of the Allies at Hagenau was issued a peremptory note, aimed at the surrender of Napoleon and the ex-Emperor saw that it was time to "up sticks and off."
How Napoleon left France.
It may be said that had it not been for treacheries the French soldiers would have put up a desperate fight for their country as they regarded the situation and for their beloved Napoleon. Much blood shedding on both sides was saved by the firmness of the Allies. The note from their headquarters referred to above ran thus: "The three Powers consider it as an essential condition of peace and real tranquillity that Napoleon Bonaparte shall be incapable of disturbing the peace of Europe in future; and in consequence of the events which occurred in March last (1813), the Powers must insist on Napoleon Bonaparte being placed in their custody. Napoleon, who had left the Imperial Palace as a matter of discretion, and was practically under the guardianship of General Beker, at Malmaison, had moved on to Rochefort, and on the day after the Prussians surrounded the palace where the Government held its sittings (July 8), Louis XVIII returned in triumph and took possession of his capital and throne." 
Napoleon went on board the frigate La Saale, with his suite on the Medusa, and anchored at the Isle of Aix. On July 10, an English fleet of eleven vessels was seen cruising within sight of the port, and on July 11 Napoleon sent to inquire of the British Admiral whether he was authorised to allow him liberty to go to England or the United States, and the answer from the Admiral was that he was ready to receive Napoleon and convey him to England. Dissatisfied with such a reply, history tells us, Napoleon had some idea of going on board an American vessel at the mouth of the Gironde, "whose captain would be most happy and proud to have received him." and also, "He also refused the proffered assistance of some young midshipmen full of courage and devotion, who, with two barks, swore they would forfeit their lives if they did not convey him to New York." Napoleon evidently was reluctant to be taken to the bosom of the American Republic, and decided for England. He sent a message to the British Admiral that on the following day he would go on board his vessel, and on July 15 he went off in the brig L'Epervier, and was received on board the H.M.S. Bellerophon with the honours due to his military rank."
Surrender to Captain Maitland.
IT is clear from the account of Captain Maitland, of the Bellerophon that the honours were not paid to Napoleon when he first boarded that ship. Maitland, in his despatch on the surrender, said: "At break of day on July 15, 1815, L'Epervier French brig-of-war, was discovered under sail standing out towards the ship with a flag of truce up; and at the same time the Superb, bearing Sir Henry Hotham's flag, was seen in the offing. By half-past five the ebb tide failed, the wind was blowing right in, and the brig, which was within a mile of us, made no further progress, while the Superb was advancing with the wind and tide in her favour. Thus situated, and being most anxious to terminate the affair I had brought so near to a conclusion previous to the Admiral's arrival, I sent off Mr. Mott, the first lieutenant, in a barge, who returned soon after 6 o'clock, bringing Napoleon with him."   That brief historical sketch probably will revive the memories of folk who have not recently studied the Napoleonic career, and it is a prelude to a very interesting circumstance which has a close Queensland association.
Napoleon's Pair of Pistols.  
A few days ago I went with Mr. W. T. Mott, of Laura-street, South Brisbane, to the safe deposit vaults of the Queensland Trustees. Ltd., and there he showed me, and allowed me the great pleasure of handling and making a close inspection of a pair of pistols, most carefully preserved. They are old  flintlocks of a heavy calibre, and on the base of the stock each is the letter "N", with a crown and laurel wreath. These were presented by Napoleon at the time of his surrender in 1815 to the late Commander Andrew Mott, of H.M.S. Bellerophon, and they were "shown at the Naval Exhibition at Chelsea in 1891." by A. L. Mott, Esquire, R.X.E.  A certificate which endorses their bona fides, if that were necessary, seeing that they have not been out of the possession of the Mott family since they were presented to Commander Mott of the Bellerophon in 1815 is signed by Albert Edward J?, (the late King Edward, then Prince of Wales), and by Admiral W. M'Dowell. 
In the early days of the recent Great War. a young authorised surveyor, J. W. Mott, who was then on the Daly River, Northern Territory, came to Brisbane and enlisted in the 7th Field Engineers. Prior to gaining a commission overseas, he was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal, and then as a lieutenant he won the Military Cross. On going over to England on leave from France, the young soldier's relatives considered that he was well entitled to be the family holder of the pistols given by the great Napoleon to their relative, Commander Andrew Mott, who took the ex-Emperor from L'Epervier, and conveyed him to his formal surrender on the Bellerophon.
It was the father of Lieutenant J. W. Mott. M.C.. D.C.M., who showed me the pistols in Brisbane.  Mr. W. T. Mott is well known in Brisbane, having been for many years in the Public Service, and is the son of the late J. W. Mott, formerly a contractor in a big way, who came to Brisbane in 1893. It is doubtful if there is a more interesting, souvenir of war in the Commonwealth than this brace of pistols, which we may assume were carried in the holsters of the great military genius. Napoleon and the bent "grips" of which were so often in his hands. Their owner, Mr. J. W. Mott, is an authorised surveyor, practising at Bundaberg. It was an agreement with his father, Mr. W. T. Mott, that I should not "bring the young follow into the limelight."
I have had to mention him in connection with the Napoleon souvenir, as a historical necessity, and he must patiently bear the publicity.

Were Napoleon's pistols like the ones on display in West Point Museum in New York? 

These pistols belonged to Napoleon and presented to United States Military Academy January 1927 by Mr.Lawrence V. Benet in memory of his father the late Brigadier General Stephen Vincent Benet, U.S.M.A.Graduate, Professor of Ordnance & Gunnery and later Chief of Ordnance.  The Professor had charge of the Museum for many years which may be the reason the pistols came to U.S. There is no information as to how Mr.Benet acquired the pistols but the implication of the language on the catalogue entries is that while Mr.Benet gave them in his father's honour, there is no indication that General Benet owned them at any time.  It must be concluded that Lawrence Benet acquired them on his own, somehow. Lawrence Benet was engaged in manufacturing the Hotchkiss Machine gun in France and presumably was in France for the purpose about the time of W.W.1.  Otherwise, other than the name Benet, clearly French, there is no connection to Napoleon or Lieutenant Andrew Mott. 

Napoleon's monogram "N" was engraved on a shield on the grip.

Nicholas Noel Boutet (1761-1833) born in France was Napoleon's personal gunsmith. Some of Boutet's
are on display in Paris in the Army Museum.


Two of Napoleon's pistols were donated January 1927 by Mr. Lawrence V. Benet. The pistols are currently on display in West Point Museum, New York.  Napoleon's sword was given to General Dwight Eisenhower by General Charles de Gaulle in 1945.

William Henry & Harriett (Roberts) Mott

William and Harriett Mott had 6 children:
1. William John Mott born 1835 in Lambeth, St John the Evengelist and died 18 November 1912 in Hampshire.
2. Mary Mott born 1838 in Greenwich, Kent and died September 1913 in Wandsworth, London.
3. Margaret Louisa Mott born 7 March 1845 in Deptford, St.Paul, England.
4. Rosina Maria Claron Mott born 9 July 1847 in Greenwich St.Alphege, England and died 5 June 1942 in Buckingham Street, Sydney, Australia.
5. Andrew Charles Mott born July 1850 in Greenwich St.Alphege and died March 1916 in Whitechapel, London.
6. Edward Samuel Mott born 11 September 1853 in 6 Claremont Place, Greenwich West, Kent and died 8 December 1922 in Barking, Essex, England.

If you have anything to add, correction or comment please contact the author of this Blog, Joy Olney by email - joybelle@iinet.net.au

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